Size: 597 Square Miles
Length: 44 Miles
Width: 30 Miles
Coastline: 112 Miles
Main Airport: Honolulu International Airport (HNL)
Mileage and Drive Time From Honolulu International Airport To:
Waikiki: 9 miles. 16 min.
Hanauma Bay: 18 miles. 28 min.
Downtown Honolulu: 6 miles. 12 min.
Sea Life Park: 9 miles. 17 min.
Pali Lookout: 10 miles. 18 min.
Polynesian Cultural Center: 35 miles. 55 min.
Pearl Harbor: 2 miles. 7 min.
Makaha (Surfing): 29 miles. 44 min.
Diamond Head: 12 miles. 21 min.
The weather on Oahu is similar to that of the other Hawaiian Islands, with a minimal temperature variance between seasons and coastal temperatures ranging from 60 to 80 degrees year round. As with the other islands, the farther you rise in elevation, the colder it will get, with the temperatures at the highest elevations (around 4000�E dipping into the forties in the winter months.
Oahu is supposedly the first Hawaiian Island to be seen by a westerner, in January of 1778 when Capt. James Cook�s HMS Resolution passed close by. The ship did not actually land on the island, and instead visited Kauai. Oahu was visited the next year by Capt. Clerke on the same ship after Capt. Cook was killed on the Big Island.
Honolulu, Oahu became the capital of the Hawaiian Island Chain in 1845 under King Kamehameha III, and on the island today stands the U.S.�s only Royal Palace, in the Capitol District of Honolulu.
Oahu is also the location of the Imperial Japanese Navy Attack on Pearl Harbor, which marked the United States�Eentry into World War II. During the attack on December 7, 1941, 2,403 American servicemen and 68 civilians lost their lives. 12 American warships and 188 aircrafts were also lost.
Today, Oahu is home to some of the world�s best surfing, and is also the travel hub to the rest of the world, with Hawaii�s main international airport being found in Honolulu. 5 million outside visitors pass through Oahu every year.